So as some of you may know, I’m currently studying beauty therapy and a lot of what I learn is related to skin. I aspire to help people with this in the future. I’m not sure what the future holds for me but becoming a skin specialist and helping people with skin problems especially on the face is what I would like to do (or close to it ).
When I was younger, I always had presumptions about my own skin. I thought I had dry, dehydrated skin but in actual fact I now have combination skin. The skin changes due to factors such as the environment and our body that, it needs to be analysed regularly to be able to treat and protect it accordingly. This will also save you a whole lot of heartache, time and money especially for those who find problems continuously erupting on their faces.
Here, I have listed most of the common skin types and a brief description for each of them so that you may identify which one your skin type is. In saying this, I would like to clarify that I am no great expert, this is just some of the knowledge I have acquired and only to be used as a guide.
Feels neither oily or dry (a bit of shine at the end of day)
Rarely experiences breakouts or reactions to products
So this is probably the best type of skin to have hence the title however it is not common to find perfectly normal skin. In other words, normal meaning well-balanced. This means it is neither oily, dry or a combination. Normal skin is easy to manage as you don’t react to products and have the flexibility to try different skincare. Although this may seem full proof, you need to look after the skin to prevent it from swaying to oily or getting too dry in cooler weather.
Just to give you a an idea, I had normal skin growing up and then probably due to taking advantage of this and cooler dry climate my skin became slightly dehydrated. Normal skin just like all the rest need to follow the skincare routine norms- cleanse, tone and moisturise. I have to add that normal skin is hard to come by!!
Feels uncomfortable after cleansing and in need of hydration or moisturising
Feels sore in cold weather and gets aggravated in central heating
Prone to dullness and flakiness especially in winter
Fine, small pores.
It is actually quite easy to determine dry skin especially in the colder months. Some people also suffer from dry, flaky patches and requires extra emollient . This results in patchy make up application as well. You will know when you’re skin is dry when it feels tight and uncomfortable without applying a moisturiser straight after washing your face.
Although dry skin may seem normal due to the translucent complexion, wrinkles are more likely to appear. This can sometimes be hereditary. Most skins get drier with age when the sebaceous glands get less active. For dry skin, you need to feed the face with oily cleansing balms, rich moisturising creams and gentle exfoliants.
Easily prone to pimples, spots and acne
Pores are large and visible
Shiny and greasy look
Pores are large and visible
Less likely to have wrinkles
Oily skin looks supple but there is a shine due to sebum especially on the forehead, nose and cheek area. The pores on the skin are enlarged. Too much sebum causes blockages in the ducts, and this leads to inflammations also known pimples.
For some oily skin can be a good thing and for others the bane of their youth. Growing up can be slightly miserable for some with acne and pimples. Due to raised hormone levels, sebum production increases which results in excessive oiliness. On the plus side, wrinkles are less prone to show as one gets older.
Part of the struggle of oily skin is dealing with acne (I will cover this another time in the future!) however there is a huge misconception that when you have oily skin- stay away from oils. I would definitely recommend a facial oil to be used before bed at night. There are blends of essential oils that are available for facial use and can help problem skins. A gentle cleanser is good for oily skin. Also, super rich emollient creams or moisturisers are to be avoided, but instead use gel or lotion formulas.
Pores are larger around the nose, forehead and chin area
Cheeks are generally normal but sometimes dry
T-zone area: forehead, nose and chin are more oily or blemish prone
I find that amongst the women around me and working on a few faces now- a lot of women have combination skin or would have experienced it at one point. Combination skin are also connected to the hormone levels in our body (for women menstrual periods) and spots have a tendency of appearing depending on factors such as the climate, nutrition and stress.
For this skin type, you need to treat the areas that need to be treated accordingly. For example if you have an oily T-zone then apply a mask for that skin type-specifically on the area instead of applying it all over your face. Use gentle cleanser and it is recommended to use balms, oils or creams for cleansing your face. As for moisturiser, try to use an oil-free moisturiser especially if you wear makeup during the day. This can counter and patchy areas of uneven skin tone.
At the moment I too have combination skin. I find I have to use an exfoliant on my T-zone to remove the dirt that clogs the pores maybe 1-2 times a week but nothing too harsh.
Skin gets irritated and itchy quite easily
Skin reacts or flares up after using new skincare
Can be oily, dry, combination or dehydrated
Prone to redness and burns easily in the sun
This is one the hardest skin types to look after because you have to be aware and pay attention to the products you use on your skin. All products contain active ingredients and you may be allergic to only a few or one of these however your skin gets irritated and uncomfortable after using them. Some of you may know what ingredients cause this and some of you don’t. It’s best use very mild products and the elimination process to find out which products you need to stay away from. Common irritants are mineral, palm oil, paraffin oils, fragrance, parabens and alcohol. Some niche brands have a range free from these to make it easier for the consumer.
Often dull and lacklustre in appearance
Flaky and peeling skin when makeup is applied
Dry feeling lips
To start of I have to say dry and dehydrated are often confused by some. Dry skin lacks oil. Dehydrated skin lacks water (which is why dehydrated skin sometimes looks shiny or oily) When the body becomes dehydrated it steals water from the skin first however drinking litres upon litres of water may not help this entirely. The weather also plays a big part. Humid weather goes well for this skin types as the air is moist. I personally have dehydrated skin in the winter and also when I am in the air conditioning too much in humid weathers.
Dehydrated skin may not retain water well so it is best to use products rich with humectant ingredients that bind water to the surface. Glycerine is a well-known one and so is hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is an ingredient used in many moisturisers and serums. This is also a great ingredient for mature skin- majority suffer dehydration.
On a note to men, these skin types do apply to both males and females however men generally thicker than women and produce more sebum. This is due to the structure of the body and hormones, which normally takes affect after puberty. Due to this, men are prone to oily skin, breakouts, blackheads and clogged pores but this translates to fewer wrinkles and slower ageing.
I hope you enjoyed this post as much as I did writing it. This knowledge is not all my own I have put a lot of what I have learnt so far on my journey on becoming a qualified aesthetician. I will do more skincare related posts so please comment and let me know if I can answer any questions.
Do you know what your skin type is?